|Atomic mass||50,9415 u|
|Density||6,11 g/cm³ (at 20 °C)|
|Melting point||2183 K (1910 °C)|
From our headquarters in Mönchengladbach (NRW) we supply customers in various market segments worldwide. Through HWN titan GmbH you can purchase high quality vanadium semi-finished products. Please call our service center or contact us via our online contact form. Our competent staff will be happy to advise you.
Vanadium is a steel grey heavy metal, which is easily forgeable, malleable and tangible in a cold state. In a chemical bond with air it will develop a thin, protecting oxide layer on the surface.
The Mexican mineralogist Andrés Manuel del Rio discovered Vanadium in a lead ore in 1801. 30 years later it was rediscovered by the Swedish chemist Niels Gabriel Sefström in Falun. In 1867, Sir Henry Roscoe isolated impure Vanadium in Manchester. Finally, the Americans J.W. Marden and N.M. Rich managed to process Vanadium at 99,8 % purity by reduction of vanadium oxide with calcium.
Vanadium is a chemical element which is very common on earth but similar to titanium it has a diffuse appearance in nature. It is found in very small amounts in several iron-, copper-, zinc- and titanium-ores. The largest vanadium amounts can be found as a byproduct in the slag from the production of iron and steel or from the smelting of vanadium-containing titanium- or uranium-ores. Pure vanadium is processed by electrolytic reduction, highly purified vanadium is obtained through the Van-Arkel-de-Boer-Process by decomposition of vanadium oxide at 900° C – 1000° C.
With a share of 85%, the steel industry uses the largest amount of vanadium worldwide. Due to the fact that no high purity is required in steel production, ferrovanadium is used as raw material. Vanadium increases stability and resilience and therefore significantly increased the wear resistance of steel already when being used in small amounts. It is also an essential ingredient for high-temperature alloys. There is a growing use for vanadium alloys in the production of fuel rod claddings in nuclear industries. Moreover, Vanadium is becoming increasingly important for superconducting technology.
Titanium alloys, which contain vanadium and in most cases also aluminium, are outstandingly stabile and are deployed in aeronautics for load-bearing components and jet blades.
Ingot • Slab • Rod • Plate • Sheet Metal